By Dan Thompson
While a certain set would have you believe that, after Turner left, it took another 150 years for London artists to rediscover the area, the truth is that there were DFLs here in the years between the two World Wars.
Members of the East London Group, fashionable in the 1920s and 1930s but largely forgotten until a series of retrospective exhibitions in Southampton, Southend and London in 2016-17, came to the Isle of Thanet a number of times. Their visits are recorded in drawings and paintings of Broadstairs, Margate, North Foreland and Ramsgate. They also took photographs, for reference, of scenes including the bandstand at Broadstairs and the North Foreland lighthouse.
The East London Group started out as an art club at the Bethnal Green Men’s Institute. The artists started showing work together, and selling in London’s fashionable West End galleries. They exhibited alongside some of the most prominent artists of the day.
They painted scenes of real life – buildings, streets, and landscapes. Their Isle of Thanet paintings have something of the atmosphere of Edward Hopper’s American landscapes, capturing ordinary buildings and unexceptional landscapes.
The paintings record the real lives of the East London Group’s members, who came from generally humble Working Class backgrounds, learning art in evening classes.
Lilian Anne Leahy was born in 1909, in Holborn. Leaving school at 14, she found work first as a window-dresser, and then decorating china and perfume bottles. In about 1926, she started taking art classes at the Bow and Bromley Institute under tutor John Cooper.
Leahy exhibited at the Whitechapel Gallery in 1928, and then annually with the East London Group from 1929 to 1936. Through the group she met her future husband, Elwin Hawthorne.
Hawthorne was born in 1905, in Poplar, and his interest in art led him to art classes at the Bethnal Green Men’s Institute and later the Bow and Bromley Institute. In 1928, he started work as Walter Sickert’s studio assistant: a position that he held for about three years.
Sickert was a well-established artist, and between 1934 and 1938, he lived in St Peter’s, with a studio in Margate. Sickert delivered a series of six lectures at Margate School of Art, and exhibited at Lovelys, on Northdown Road. Sickert mentored the East London Group, and exhibited with them three times.
Like Hawthorne, Cecil Osborne was born in Poplar. By the age of 16 he was attending a commercial college, while painting as a hobby. Early in 1929 he showed his work to John Cooper, who was already teaching Leahy and Hawthorne, and before long Osborne was also attending the classes.
There he met Walter James Steggles, known as Wally, who was born in Highbury. Wally and his brother Harold had joined the art classes at the Bethnal Green Men’s Institute in 1925, moving to the Bow and Bromley Evening Institute when their tutor Cooper moved there in 1926.
The Steggles brothers, accompanied by Leahy, Hawthorne, and Osborne, were soon driving together to the Isle of Thanet, at a time when motoring became affordable, egalitarian and popular. The Isle was a popular place for people driving out of London – the string of 1930s garages, pubs and hotels that still litter the road from London show it was fashionable enough to attract the latest architecture.
The Isle inspired some of the group’s finest and best-known works.
In 1931, Hawthorne painted rooftops in Broadstairs, sketched the town’s bandstand, and painted the North Foreland Lighthouse, editing out the latticework radio mast to present a more rural scene. That painting was used by Shell, who produced a series of posters of scenes of England with the slogan ‘Everywhere You Go You Can Be Sure Of Shell’, to encourage more people to take to the road. Hawthorne’s North Foreland poster is held by the V&A museum.
Wally Steggles would return to the same view after the Second World War, painting his own North Foreland Lighthouse over an old picture by Hawthorne!
The two artists had been close friends and in 1936, Elwin Hawthorne and Walter Steggles were selected to represent Great Britain at the Venice Biennale.
Some 70 years later, the Isle of Thanet’s own Tracey Emin would receive the same honour, with her installation ‘Borrowed Light’.
The East London Group’s paintings capture a lost age, and remind us that the Isle of Thanet’s collection to East London predates the current Hackney-on-Sea trends. Perhaps it’s time the group’s paintings had a proper show, here on the Isle of Thanet.
Lovely pictures – I want to go there!
If the current flock of DFL “artists” produced work of that calibre I’d be a bit more supportive of them!
This is a very good contribution, but one should also mention that Sickert and his wife lived in St Peter’s in the late 1930s, painting several pictures of Broadstairs, whilst his wife Therese Lessore went out into the fields to paint Buddle’s Farm and hop pickers . Sickert also exhibited at Lovelys in Margate and taught in the Art School then in Hawley Square there. Lovelys supplied him regularly with art materals [ never paid for] . He painted several large and significant portraits in his upstairs studio in St Peter’s , including his portrait of King Edward VIII,on which he could be seen working from the street. Other paintings were of the allotments in the centre of town, which were below another studio where he offered tuition, and houses in Baird’s Hill, and in Albion Road across from the railway bridge.My mother as a girl was urged to steer clear of ‘that disreputable man’, whose standard of dress then was not genteel.
Sir William Quiiler Orchardson painted a major picture of a lady holding onto her hat on a windy day on the cliffs at North Foreland. Solomon J Solomon, one of the most sought after portrait painters of the turn of the century had a house and studio on the cliffs with his own passage to the beach.
Sickert was a supporter of the East London artists.
Leading 18t century artists such as Philip de Loutherbourg and Benjamin West painted at Ramsgate. One of the finest pictures was Dyce’s Pegwell Bay. Even more celebrated is Frith’s Ramsgate Sands and the French emigre Jean Jacques Tissot painted from windows ovrlooking the harbour at Ramsgate. His rival Whistler painted at Westgate. Countless depictions of Thanet were exhibited at the Royal Academy, the British Institution and the New English Art Club
There is room for Turner Contemporary to mount a major exhibition
I should have added that Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s last home was in Birchington where there is a highly individual monument to him in the churchyard . He was too ill to produce any art there.
Fascinating article. Thanks!
A Super article. Yes a good theme for a future Turner gallery exhibition.