Up until 2017 younger voters had been noticeable by their absence. It seemed to some, that young people were turning their backs on the serious duties of a citizen to place a cross next to the candidate of their choice.
There were all sorts of articles, letters and postings which alleged that there was something wrong with our young people and that ‘fings ain’t what they used to be’. This was, of course, balderdash, but this hairy old trope has been repeated year after year, probably from time immemorial.
Young people have always been interested in community and societal matters, but not in the way older generations have engaged with the electoral process now and in the past. They tend to respond to big questions such as climate change, human rights or poverty.
This table shows the significant disparity between the voting turnout between the over 65s and the 18-24 age range.
Up to 2005, the 18 to 24 age range counted for only 7% of the votes with 25% of the votes cast by the over 65s. In the 2017 general election this gap narrowed with the 18 to 24s casting 10% of the votes and the over 65s 23%. Still a significant gap, but a reduction of around 40% between the two groups.
When we consider the forthcoming local government elections, we are looking at turnouts of around 36% on average (2018 was typical with a 35%/36% local government election turnout, depending which source is used), which is the normality for these elections.
Whereas the current gap between the two age groups in general elections is bad enough, it becomes a chasm in local elections.
Why is this? Why is there so little interest among all groups let alone, the 18 to 24s?
These I think, may be some of the reasons:
There is very little understanding of what people are being asked to vote for in local elections. The structure of local government in many areas and especially in Kent, has remained resolutely stuck in the 1970s and to many, young and old, it is incomprehensible.
The voting system means that no change is often the normal option. Thanet is an exception, but you must judge for yourself as to whether changing voter choices has really brought forth social and economic change of the kind desired by the population at large. Elsewhere, the same teams are voted for in successive elections. Is that good for democracy?
Local government, (at least at principal council level) is administered by full time professionals, but with policy making and oversight by councillors who are part time, paid or otherwise. It often means that retirees are the only ones who can devote sufficient time to their local authority duties. Someone with a full-time job a career and/or a young family to bring up, will struggle to juggle a decent work life balance. In reality councillors are volunteers who devote a lot of their spare time as an advocate for the communities they represent. You may not agree with their views or policies, but in my experience most councillors are trying their best for the communities they represent. It does mean, however, that young voters are often put off by what they may see as organisations dominated by older person interests and demanding time constraints.
Voting in a referendum or a general election can seem important and, in some cases, life changing, with serious matters being determined; but voting for a local council in contrast, can seem mundane and unimportant; but is that right?
Councils, aren’t they boring and not very important, not like the Government or the EU?
Let’s quickly run through what they do.
Register births ,deaths and marriages. They conduct some of them and provide many final resting places. So that’s hatch, match and dispatch.
All roads, except motorways and trunk roads. Support bus services.
Planning of all sorts.
Public health and consumer protection.
Parks, gardens and allotments.
Social care -all sorts.
Waste collection and disposal.
Protect heritage and conservation areas.
Partner the emergency services.
Promote economic growth.
This is by no means an exhaustive list of council activities, but it does show that, for much of daily life, it’s a council, not Government, or any other national or supranational body, that enables communities to function.
One might complain about the effectiveness of various councils, but you cannot deny their importance to everyone’s wellbeing.
How do we get young people to vote and participate?
Some ideas might be:
Derive a secure electronic voting system, so that all the old paraphernalia of the Victorian pencil and ballot box are done away with. After all, if frictionless borders, number plate recognition for car parking and driverless cars are a possibility, it cannot be beyond the wit of man to deliver a secure electronic voting system. Online voting is used widely for public votes mainly in the realms of entertainment, but as yet state-run elections remain as in ages past.
Allow more plurality in elections, with many fewer, ‘safe seats’. The principle of democracy is the ability to change incumbency, so that new ideas and fresh thinking can thrive. New thinking is needed. Local Government in 1919, was nothing like that of 2019; Councils, if they exist at all in 2119, will be nothing like they are today, and the people who will shape them, are our young people, if they get the chance.
Come up with ways to allow young people to participate. Find ways to consult them, so that policy making can take their needs into consideration.
Above all, deliver outreach to schools and colleges to explain why voting is so important and what local government does and how it functions.
Have a greater number of younger councillors. At the moment the average councillor is likely to be called David, be over 60 and predominantly white and middle class. Somehow, we need to encourage more women, more from minority groups and, yes, more young people. The trends are improving in some areas, but not everywhere and not quickly enough.
I am not saying these ideas are new or unheard of, just that greater efforts need to be made, to encourage increased participation by the young.
I invite every school in Thanet to contact me and arrange for a presentation on why voting is important and why local government is important to their daily lives.
The young people born today, will be living at the end of this century and it is important that new councillors and officers, succeed old horses like me and shape the communities of tomorrow.
Who can vote?
Anyone aged 18 or over on polling day.
Is registered to vote.
A British Citizen, a qualifying Commonwealth Citizen or a Citizen of the EU.
Resident in the UK.
Not subject to a legal incapacity (for instance serving prisoners cannot vote).
The opinions set down here are personal to me and may not reflect the policies of any organisation, I am connected with.
How to increase the number of young people voting? Lower the age you can vote at to sixteen,
Surely a better way to skew the statistics would be to prevent everybody over 65 from voting ?
After all – these aged citizens are all drawing their pensions, living too long and are a considerable drain on the NHS, social and welfare services.
16-year-olds on the other hand have the benefit of a cosseted environment of a roof put over their head by their parents, clothes put on their backs by their parents, food put on the table in front of them by their parents, money given to them from the bank of mum and dad, free transport 24 hours a day in dads taxi – so they can have more free time to play on their X Boxes and Playstations.
Such vast experience, knowledge and wisdom from 16-year-olds would be far better put to use by allowing them to influence the future of politics and democracy . . .
The statistics show that younger people don’t bother to vote – what is the point of giving the vote to more people who will not use it ?
Sixteen too young.18 is fine.
I understand why Labour would want to lower the age. Votes.
i feel the younger generation are more me me me they are worried about their future and all i would say is make the future for yourselves and remember if you want the world to change don’t upset peoples rights to work just get out in the world and try to change it not just the uk but china and all the polluters that don’t help the world.
Yes, that is an option and may be the way forward.In my view those who are old enough to pay tax and join the armed services, should be able to fully participate in society as an active citizen.Others may disagree with you. Even if we did lower the voting age limit, would that increase the participation rate of young people in elections of all kinds?
What I am really saying is that we need to encourage all age groups to vote, but especially young people.Education may be the key.
In your list of responsibilities of councils, you don’t distinguish between those of County Councils or Unitary Authorities and Borough and District Councils. They don’t all do everything on your list. We have District Council elections here on Thursday, so it would have been useful to encourage young people to vote then by telling them exactly what they are voting for on Thursday rather than generalising.
Yes point taken about Council responsibilities. In my defence I would say that I was explaining out in a general way,the impact of local Govt on everyday life.In some areas of the country, Unitary Councils are responsible for all of those activities, bar those which pertain to Town and Parish Councils.The trend is for unitary local govt, with either City Mayors or Unitary Councils.Kent apart from Medway, retains a 3 tier system.In the past, up to 1974, the old Boroughs and Corporations were vertically integrated with just 2 tiers of local govt in provincial England, and only in the rural areas were there 3 tiers. In many ways the 1974 ‘reorganisation’ has passed its sell by date and the trend towards Unitary authorities is growing. I note that most if not all of the various local political manifestos are advocating local devolution down to Town and Parish Councils, so even here, change may be coming.
In fact we have District and Parish Council elections in Thanet. My core message, however remains, which is go out and vote tomorrow in your local elections, where ever you live.
Perhaps young people are more aware of what’s really going on behind the scenes. People are waking up. Here’s a famous quote: “If voting ever changed anything, it would be illegal” – Ken Livingstone of the labour party.